Philosophy Day at UNESCO has been celebrated every year since 2002, on the third Thursday of November, both at Headquarters and in the field, under the Organization’s regular programme. In a letter dated 19 May 2004, Mr Mohamed Achaari, Minister of Culture of the Kingdom of Morocco, submitted to the Director-General for consideration a proposal to establish a world philosophy day, at the end of the deliberations of the third session of the Rencontres du Printemps de la Philosophie, organized by the Association des Amis de la Philosophie and held in the city of Fez, Morocco, on 9 and 10 March 2004. At a meeting on 13 January 2005 organized by the Social and Human Sciences Sector and bringing together the Sector, representatives of Permanent Delegations to UNESCO and other sectors of the Organization as part of the consultation process on the intersectoral strategy on philosophy, Ms Aziza Bennani, Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of the Kingdom of Morocco to UNESCO, put forward the idea of a draft resolution. In a letter dated 7 February 2005, Ms Bennani transmitted to Mr Hans-Heinrich Wrede, Chairman of the Executive Board, the proposal by the Kingdom of Morocco to establish a world philosophy day. The proposal invited the Director-General to conduct a feasibility study – including an estimate of the costs and an indication of the expected results – on the celebration of a world philosophy day.
1) The aim was to consider, through a study of possible objectives, expected results, modes of implementation and the financial implications of such an undertaking, whether UNESCO should extend the reach of Philosophy Day at UNESCO by proclaiming a world philosophy day. The study is based mainly on the results of the three previous Philosophy Days at UNESCO, which were held in 2002, 2003 and 2004 and received very broad endorsement from both the international intellectual community and the public at large. In 2004, the participation was noted of some 95 philosophical institutions spread across 79 Member States, 22 of them in Africa, six in the Arab region, 17 in Asia and the Pacific, 22 in Europe and North America and 12 in Latin America and the Caribbean, whereas only 53 countries had been involved in the first day held in 2002.
2) Furthermore, at its 169th session, the Executive Board of UNESCO, on the initiative of Turkey (169 EX/Decision 3.6.3), requested the Director-General to submit an intersectoral strategy on philosophy. Following a broad consultation with the Permanent Delegations, National Commissions, NGOs concerned, universities, research institutes and eminent personalities, it appears that there is wide support for the celebration of a philosophy day, especially in relation to the “promotion of philosophical thought and research”, as emphasized in Pillar III of the intersectoral strategy.
3) In the light of the above, Philosophy Day at UNESCO, organized as a regular programme activity, would undoubtedly benefit from being celebrated worldwide with the support of the Organization’s Member States. Transcending disciplinary divides, such a Day would make it possible to envisage at the global level the organization of open and pluralistic dialogues about the relationship of societies to knowledge and learning.
4) The proclamation of a world philosophy day could also have a beneficial influence on the promotion of philosophy teaching, which is absent from the curricula in many countries and occupies a position that is both uncertain and weak in others. As reflected notably in the responses to the questionnaire drawn up with a view to formulating the international strategy on philosophy (Pillar II of the Strategy), the teaching of philosophy was unanimously identified as one of the priorities to be implemented by UNESCO. World philosophy day could therefore foster the gradual inclusion of philosophy in curricula so as to encourage a reflective and critical exercise in thinking and reasoning. The celebration of a world philosophy day would thus enable UNESCO to fulfil its role as a catalyst of ideas and a forum for encounter and reflection, while upgrading, alongside the other human and social sciences, the questioning and critical function of the discipline of philosophy.
1) The World Philosophy Day could be celebrated each year on the third Thursday of November. All of UNESCO’s partners (National Commissions, associations, universities, relevant NGOs, schools, institutes and so forth) would be called upon to organize various types of activities (roundtables, television programmes, publications, cultural activities in schools, universities and even in public places and so on). UNESCO would perform its function as a philosophical forum and as a platform for exchanges, undertaking the dissemination and promotion among its partners and its networks of the activities and experience developed in connection with the event.
2) For its part, UNESCO would endeavour to encourage and support national, subregional and regional initiatives designed, inter alia, to :
1) The main objectives of a World Philosophy Day would be as follows: